Breast abscess is mostly caused by Staphylococcus aureus. A 26-year-old immunocompetent lady was admitted with breast abscess. Incision and drainage (I/D) was done and Pneumococci were isolated from the drained pus. The patient was earlier treated with Augmentin which was later changed to linezolid after testing for antibiotic susceptibility. This strain showed a high level of resistance to penicillin. It had been noticed that there was a slow increase in the number of penicillin resistant Pneumococci isolated in our hospitals. The increase in penicillin-resistant Pneumococci correlates with the intensive use of beta-lactam antibiotics. Hence, antibiotics should be used judiciously, avoiding their use particularly in mild self-limiting upper respiratory infections. Attention therefore, should focus on monitoring resistance in Pneumococci to prevent mortality and morbidity associated with this organism, which continues to take a heavy toll on children and the elderly. augmentin stomach pain.
A 3-day regimen of azithromycin (500 mg once daily) and a 10-day regimen of co-amoxiclav (625 mg three times daily) were compared in a double-blind study of 67 patients with acute infectious exacerbations of chronic bronchitis (AIECBs, n = 54), acute bronchitis (n = 7), or pneumonia (n = 6). In patients treated with azithromycin, satisfactory clinical responses (cure or improvement) were seen in 24/28 (86%) patients with AIECBs, 2/4 (50%) with acute bronchitis and 2/2 (100%) with pneumonia. Responses were satisfactory in 24/26 (92%), 4/4 (100%) and 4/4 (100%) patients, respectively, receiving co-amoxiclav. Streptococcus pneumoniae and Haemophilus influenzae were the commonest pathogens isolated at baseline. At the end of treatment, baseline pathogens were eradicated in 9/10 microbiologically-assessable patients treated with azithromycin and in 10/10 treated with co-amoxiclav. Adverse events related or possibly related to treatment occurred in five patients in each treatment group; the majority of these events affected the gastrointestinal system. One patient in each treatment group discontinued therapy because of adverse events. The study, therefore, demonstrates that 500 mg azithromycin administered once daily for 3 days is as efficacious and well tolerated as co-amoxiclav given three times daily for 10 days in the domiciliary treatment of adults with acute lower respiratory tract infections. augmentin 875 dosage for dogs.