Growing Tobacco

Growing Tobacco

The following passage is especially for Cuban cigars, however the process is, broadly talking, comparable elsewhere.
Cigars are a pure product; the standard of a cigar is directly related to the kind and quality of leaves used in its building, just as the standard of wine is dependent upon the kind and high quality of grapes used.

Tobacco seedbeds should be in flat fields, so that the seeds aren't washed away. After being planted, the seedlings are covered with cloth or straw to shade them from the sun. This protecting is gradually removed as they begin to germinate, and after round 35 days (throughout which the seedling can be sprayed with pesticides), they are transplanted, normally in the second half of October, into the tobacco fields proper. The leaves are watered both by rain and the morning dew, and irrigated from below.

The tobacco plant is considered in three components: the highest (or corona), the middle, and the bottom. Because the leaves develop, buds appear. These need to be eliminated by hand to stop them from stunting leaf and plant growth. The quality of wrapper leaf is crucial in any cigar. Plants called Corojos, specifically designated to offer wrapper leaves for the perfect cigars, are always grown under gauze sheets held up by tall wooden poles. They prevent the leaves from changing into too thick in a protecting response to sunlight. The technique, called tapado (protecting), additionally helps them to stay smooth.

When harvesting time arrives, leaves are eliminated by hand using a single movement. Those chosen as wrappers are put in bundles of 5, a manojo, or hand. The leaves are picked in six phases: libra de pie (at the base), uno y medio (one-and-a-half), centro ligero (light middle), centro fino (skinny center), centro gordo (thick center), and corona (crown). The libra de pie part is not used for wrappers. Per week passes between every phase. The best leaves discovered in the course of the plant; the top leaves (corona) are normally too oily for use for wrappers, apart from domestic consumption, and are often used as binder leaves. The entire cycle, from transplanted seedlings to the end of harvesting takes some 120 days, with every plant being visited a mean of a hundred and seventy instances making it a very labor-intensive process.

Wrapper leaves grown beneath cowl are categorised by color as ligero (light), seco (dry), viso (glossy), amarillo (yellow), medio tiempo (half texture), and quebrado (damaged), while those grown beneath the sun are divided into volado, seco, ligero, and medio tiempo. The ligero leaves from the highest of the plant have a really robust flavor, the seco from the center are much lighter, and the volado leaves from the bottom are used to add bulk and for his or her burning qualities. The art of creating an excellent cigar is to blend these, along with a suitable wrapper leaf, in such proportions as to provide the eventual cigar a mild, medium, or full flavor, and to make sure that it burns well. The leaves are additionally categorised by measurement (large, common, small) and by bodily condition (unhealthy or damaged leaves are used for cigarettes or machine-made cigars). If all the leaves are good, every wrapper plant can wrap 32 cigars. The condition and quality of the wrapper leaf is essential to the enticing look of a cigar, as well as its aroma.

The bundles of leaves are then taken to a tobacco barn on the vega, or plantation, to be cured. The barns face west in order that the sun heats one finish within the morning and the other in the late after-noon. The temperature and humidity in the barns is rigorously controlled, if obligatory by opening and shutting the doors at each ends (normally saved shut) to take account of modifications of temperature or rainfall.

As soon as the leaves reach the barn, they are strung up on poles, or cujes, using needle and thread. The poles, every holding around 100 leaves, are hoisted up horizontally (their position high within the barn permits air to circulate), and the leaves left to dry for between 45 and 60 days, depending on the weather. Throughout this time, the free worldwide shipping green chlorophyll in the leaves turns to brown carotene, giving them their attribute color. The poles are then taken down, the threads lower, and the leaves stacked into bundles in response to type.

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